this problem has been known for a while and PHP has a specially-made function to prevent these attacks. All you need to do is use the mouthful of a function mysql_real_escape_string.
What mysql_real_escape_string does is take a string that is going to be used in a MySQL query and return the same string with all SQL Injection attempts safely escaped. Basically, it will replace those troublesome quotes(‘) a user might enter with a MySQL-safe substitute, an escaped quote \’.
Lets try out this function on our two previous injection attacks and see how it works.
MySQL & PHP Code:
//NOTE: you must be connected to the database to use this function! // connect to MySQL $name_bad = "' OR 1'"; $name_bad = mysql_real_escape_string($name_bad); $query_bad = "SELECT * FROM customers WHERE username = '$name_bad'"; echo "Escaped Bad Injection: <br />" . $query_bad . "<br />"; $name_evil = "'; DELETE FROM customers WHERE 1 or username = '"; $name_evil = mysql_real_escape_string($name_evil); $query_evil = "SELECT * FROM customers WHERE username = '$name_evil'"; echo "Escaped Evil Injection: <br />" . $query_evil;
Notice that those evil quotes have been escaped with a backslash \, preventing the injection attack. Now all these queries will do is try to find a username that is just completely ridiculous:
- Bad: \’ OR 1\’
- Evil: \’; DELETE FROM customers WHERE 1 or username = \’
And I don’t think we have to worry about those silly usernames getting access to our MySQL database. So please do use the handy mysql_real_escape_string() function to help prevent SQL Injection attacks on your websites. You have no excuse not to use it after reading this lesson!